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NC Department of Health and Human Services
N.C. DPH: Chronic Disease and Injury Section
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Injury and Violence Prevention Branch

Poisoning Data

Deaths, hospitalizations, and emergency department (ED) visits due to poisoning, particularly medication and drug poisoning, have become a growing public health concern nationally and in North Carolina. Since 1999 the number of drug poisoning deaths in North Carolina has increased by nearly 260 percent, from 363 to 1,306 in 2014. In addition, there were more than 11,000 hospitalizations in 2013 and nearly 22,000 ED visits in 2014 related to medication or drug poisoning. Prescription drugs have been a major driver of this epidemic with prescription opioids contributing to more than 50 percent of medication or drug poisoning deaths in 2014. Illicit drugs are also contributing to this problem in increasing numbers. The number of heroin-related deaths in North Carolina more than tripled from 79 deaths in 2011 to 253 deaths in 2014.

N.C. Summary Data

Prevention Resources

County-Level Poisoning Data

See the topics below for data on various types of poisoning at the county-level.  Please see County-level Data Table Definitions and Codes (PDF, 192 KB) for a description of each type of poisoning.

Death Data: Intent Statewide and by County
All Intents - Updated 10/24/16
All Poisoning Deaths by County, 1999-2015 (PDF, 189 KB)
All Medication and Drug Poisoning Deaths by County, 1999-2015 (PDF, 181 KB)
All Opiate Poisoning Deaths by County, 1999-2015 (PDF, 205 KB)
All Prescription Opioid Poisoning Deaths by County, 1999-2015 (PDF, 184 KB)
All Heroin Poisoning Deaths by County, 1999-2015 (PDF, 184 KB)
All Methadone Poisoning Deaths by County, 1999-2015 (PDF, 182 KB)
All Synthetic Opioid Poisoning Deaths by County, 1999-2015 (PDF, 267 KB)
Unintentional - Updated 10/24/16
Unintentional Poisoning Deaths by County, 1999-2015 (PDF, 189 KB)
Unintentional Medication and Drug Poisoning Deaths by County, 1999-2015 (PDF, 181 KB)
Unintentional Opiate Poisoning Deaths by County, 1999-2015 (PDF, 190 KB)
Unintentional Prescription Opioid Poisoning Deaths by County, 1999-2015 (PDF, 185 KB)
Unintentional Heroin Poisoning Deaths by County, 1999-2015 (PDF, 178 KB)
Unintentional Methadone Poisoning Deaths by County, 1999-2015 (PDF, 180 KB)
Unintentional Synthetic Opioid Poisoning Deaths by County, 1999-2015 (PDF, 266 KB)
Self-Inflicted - Updated 10/24/16
Self-Inflicted Poisoning Deaths by County, 1999-2015 (PDF, 186 KB)
Self-Inflicted Medication and Drug Poisoning Deaths by County, 1999-2015 (PDF, 179 KB)
Self-Inflicted Opiate Poisoning Deaths by County, 1999-2015 (PDF, 187 KB)
Self-Inflicted Prescription Opioid Poisoning Deaths by County, 1999-2015 (PDF, 181 KB)
Hospitalization Data: Intent Statewide and by County
All Intents - Updated 11/23/16
All Poisoning Hospitalizations by County, 2004-2014 (PDF, 149 KB)
All Medication and Drug Poisoning Hospitalizations by County, 2004-2014 (PDF, 149 KB)
All Opiate Poisoning Hospitalizations by County, 2004-2014 (PDF, 133 KB)
All Prescription Opioid Poisoning Hospitalizations by County, 2004-2014 (PDF, 148 KB)
All Heroin Poisoning Hospitalizations by County, 2004-2014 (PDF, 144 KB)
Unintentional - Updated 11/23/16
Unintentional Poisoning Hospitalizations by County, 2004-2014 (PDF, 148 KB)
Unintentional Medication and Drug Poisoning Hospitalizations by County, 2004-2014 (PDF, 148 KB)
Self-Inflicted - Updated 11/23/16
Self-Inflicted Poisoning Hospitalizations by County, 2004-2014 (PDF, 149 KB)
Self-Inflicted Medication and Drug Poisoning Hospitalizations by County, 2004-2014 (PDF, 148 KB)
N.C. DETECT Emergency Department (ED) Data: Intent Statewide and by County
All Intents
All Poisoning ED Visits by County, 2008-2014 (PDF, 79 KB)
All Medication and Drug Poisoning ED Visits by County, 2008-2014 (PDF, 88 KB)
All Opiate Poisoning ED Visits by County, 2008-2014 (PDF, 87 KB)
All Prescription Opioid Poisoning ED Visits by County, 2008-2014 (PDF, 60 KB)
All Heroin Poisoning ED Visits by County, 2008-2014 (PDF, 98 KB)
Unintentional
Unintentional Poisoning ED Visits by County, 2008-2014 (PDF, 89 KB)
Unintentional Medication and Drug Poisoning ED Visits by County, 2008-2014 (PDF, 89 KB)
Self-Inflicted
Self-Inflicted Poisoning ED Visits by County, 2008-2014 (PDF, 89 KB)
Self-Inflicted Medication and Drug Poisoning ED Visits by County, 2008-2014 (PDF, 90 KB)